Botanical Extracts refer to substances extracted or processed from plants (all or part of plants) as raw materials using appropriate solvents or methods, which can be used in the pharmaceutical industry, food industry, daily chemical industry and other industries.

There is a conceptual crossover between Botanical Extracts and herbal extracts. The raw materials of Botanical Extracts in China are mainly derived from Chinese herbal medicines, so it can also be called traditional Chinese medicine extracts.

There are some regular methods for the detection of botanical extracts:

High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC)
Ultraviolet spectrophotometer (UV)
Thin layer chromatography (TLC)
Gas Chromatography (GC)
Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (AAS)
Gas Chromatography – Tandem Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS-MS)
Microbiological assays

Thin layer chromatography (TLC)
Thin-layer chromatography (or TLC) is a quick, cheap, and reliable way to evaluate the composition of a sample, and the identity of a given compound.

Gas Chromatography (GC)
Gas chromatography (GC) is the most common method for analyzing phytosterol content and composition.
GC, often combined with mass spectrometry, is the best and most widely used tool for the chromatographic separation, identification, and quantification of phytosterols.

UV/HPLC to measure key bioactive ingredients, usually used to test the assay of standardized botanical extracts. TLC and GC-MS analysis were combined to identify the active compounds, TLC is used for the detection of proportional extracts. GC is used to detect volatile liquids or oils. AAS is used for the detection of heavy metals in extracts. GC-MS-MS to ensure safety by testing for the presence of pesticide residuals. Microbiological assays to screen for E. coli, salmonella and various other possible bio-contaminants such as molds or yeasts.

Whether Botanical Extracts are incorporated into pre-existing cosmetic bases or into products that are formulated from scratch, they can be added to creams, lotions, foaming products (for both skin and hair), anti-aging products, after-sun products, and rinse-off products. These extracts are water- soluble and can be combined directly with water without the use of heat, making them ideal for addition to cold process products. We recommend adding these extracts to final formulations when the temperatures are below 40°C, as this will ensure the effectiveness of the liquid extracts.
A botanical is a plant or plant part valued for its medicinal or therapeutic properties, flavor, and/or scent. Herbs are a subset of botanicals. Products made from botanicals that are used to maintain or improve health are sometimes called herbal products, botanical products, or phytomedicines.

In naming botanicals, botanists use a Latin name made up of the plant’s genus and a term called the specific epithet. Together, this phrase represents the plant’s species name.

A Standardized Botanical Extract is an herb extract that has a component or active present in a guaranteed specific amount, which is usually expressed as a percentage. The intention behind the standardization of herbs is to guarantee that the consumer is receiving a consistent product from batch to batch.

If stored properly, Botanical Extract will have a shelf life of 24 months.

Yes, the colors of the extracts can be pH-sensitive depending on the active. For example, in Bilberry Extracts, Anthocyanin is more stable at low pH (acidic conditions), which contributes a dark maroon to dark purple pigment. On the contrary, Anthocyanin at a higher pH value will cause the color to fade, with possible results ranging from blue to yellowish.

None of these extracts are bleached or processed harshly, which allows them to retain the natural colors and scents of the herbs from which they are derived.

Botanical Extracts should be stored in cool, dry places away from moisture (e.g., humidity) and direct sunlight. The recommended long-term storage temperature is 20°C.

Botanical Extracts have excellent solubility in formulations and, because they are ready-to-use, they are extremely convenient.

Botanical essential oil is a kind of aromatic oily liquid extracted from plants. There are more than 3000 kinds of plant essential oils, of which about 300 kinds have important commercial value. In addition to being used as spices, plant essential oils are also a class of natural antibacterial materials, which can inhibit bacteria, fungi and viruses. Because of its aromatic taste and antibacterial activity, plant essential oils are widely used in daily chemicals (such as perfume, cosmetics, hand cream, soap, fresh air, antiseptic), medicines, food and beverages, feed (such as oregano oil), pest control, etc. China is the world’s largest producer and exporter of raw materials of Litsea cubeba essential oil, accounting for about 70% of the international market.

  • According to process and intrinsic quality, plant extracts can be divided into simple extracts, quantitative extracts, standardized extracts, and purified extracts.
  • Based on the product form, they are classified into solid extracts, liquid extracts, and soft extracts.
  • Based on the formula, they are divided into single medicine extract, compound Chinese medicine extract, and component extract.

Botanical extracts can be applied as and in a wide range of scenarios, including natural pigments, natural sweeteners, functional plant extracts, traditional Chinese medicine extracts, and plant essential oils used in food, additives, special foods and health foods, daily chemicals and cosmetics, formula particles and APIs.

Natural coloring
Using roots, stems, leaves, flowers and fruits of plants as the initial raw materials, and in together with appropriate solvent, an organic matter is prepared through separation, refining and drying processes. This kind of organic matter is called plant extract natural pigments. At present, there are more than 40 main natural pigments on the market, such as capsicum red pigment, marigold extract, gardenia yellow pigment, curcumin and so on.

Natural sweetener
Products obtained by extracting and processing natural synthetic sweet components in natural plants are usually called natural sweeteners. According to its sweetness, it can be divided into low-intensity sweeteners such as sucrose and beet sugar, and high-intensity sweeteners such as steviol glycosides, mogrosides, sweet tea glycosides, licorice extracts and neohesperidin dihydrochalcone. The replacement of sugar with natural high-strength sweeteners is the main trend in the current food and beverage industry.

Yes, Haiyan’s Botanical Extracts are 100% natural.

At present, there are 27 main health functions claimed by health foods, and plant extracts can be found in each of these functions:

  • Enhance Immunity: Ginseng Extract, Cordyceps Extract.
  • · Assist In Lowering Blood Lipids: Tartary Buckwheat Extract, Dandelion Extract.
  • · Assist In Lowering Blood Sugar: Bitter Gourd Extract, Wolfberry Extract.
  • · Antioxidant: Grape Seed Extract.
  • · Aid To Improve Memory: Ginkgo Biloba Extract, Fenugreek Extract.
  • · Relieve Visual Fatigue: Bilberry Extract, Blueberry Extract, And Lutein.
  • · Promote Lead Discharge: Pepper Extract, Sea Buckthorn Extract, Grapefruit Peel Extract.
  • · Help Clear The Throat: Honeysuckle Extract, Licorice Extract, Luo Han Guo Extract.
  • · Assist In Lowering Blood Pressure: Gynostemma Pentaphyllum Extract, Rutin Extract.
  • · Improve Sleep: Acanthopanax Senticosus Extract, Jujube Seed Extract, Valerian Extract.
  • · Promote Lactation: Pueraria Lobata Extract.
  • · Relieve Physical Fatigue: Ganoderma Lucidum Extract.
  • · Improve Hypoxia Tolerance: Rhodiola Rosea Extract.
  • · Auxiliary Protection Against Radiation Hazards: Saussurea Extract, Lycopene, Spirulina Extract.
  • · Weight Loss: Pueraria Lobata Flower Extract, Lotus Leaf Extract, Garcinia Cambogia Extract.
  • · Improve Growth And Development: Flavonoids.
  • · Increase Bone Density: Spinach, Cabbage, Kidney Beans, Oats.
  • · Improve Nutritional Anemia: Maca Extract.
  • · Auxiliary Protection Against Chemical Liver Damage: Milk Thistle Extract.
  • · Anti-Acne: Magnolia Bark Extract, Strawberry Seed Extract.
  • · Eliminate Chloasma: Glycyrrhiza Glabra Extract.
  • · Improve Skin Moisture: Astragalus Root Extract, Rosemary Extract.
  • · Improve Skin Oil Content: Green Tea Extract, Lavender Extract.
  • · Regulate Intestinal Flora: Prebiotic Plant Extracts.
  • · Promote Digestion: Hawthorn Extract.
  • · Laxative: Cassia Seed Extract, Senna Leaf Extract.
  • · Auxiliary Protection Against Gastric Mucosal Damage: Sea Buckthorn Oil, Hericium Erinaceus Extract.

Chinese Traditional Medicine

Chinese medicine formula granules
It is made by water extraction, concentration, drying, and granulation. After the clinical formula, it can be used by patients. TCM formula granules are a supplement to traditional Chinese medicine decoction pieces.

Traditional Chinese medicine extraction raw materials
A single active ingredient with a clear pharmaceutical active ingredient obtained via extraction and separation of traditional Chinese medicinal materials or natural plants. Some can be used as raw materials for traditional Chinese medicine preparation, and some, including penicillin, paclitaxel, and camptothecin, also can be used for chemical medicine preparations.

Chinese medicine formula granules
It is made by water extraction, concentration, drying, and granulation. After the clinical formula, it can be used by patients. TCM formula granules are a supplement to traditional Chinese medicine decoction pieces.

Traditional Chinese medicine extraction raw materials
A single active ingredient with a clear pharmaceutical active ingredient obtained via extraction and separation of traditional Chinese medicinal materials or natural plants. Some can be used as raw materials for traditional Chinese medicine preparation, and some, including penicillin, paclitaxel, and camptothecin, also can be used for chemical medicine preparations.

Medicine And Food Homology

The theory of “medicine and food homology”holds that many foods are both food and medicine, and both food and medicinecan prevent and treat diseases. In ancient primitive societies, peoplediscovered the sexual taste and efficacy of various foods and medicines in theprocess of searching for food, recognizing that many foods can be usedmedicinally and many medicines can also be edible, and it is difficult tostrictly distinguish between them.

In Chinese traditional medicine, food and medicine areindistinguishable and relative: food is medicine, and medicine is also food;Food has few side effects, while medicine have large side effects. This isanother meaning of “medicine and food homology”.

Chinese medicine formula granules

It is made by water extraction, concentration, drying, and granulation. After the clinical formula, it can be used by patients. TCM formula granules are a supplement to traditional Chinese medicine decoction pieces.

Traditional Chinese medicine extraction raw materials

A single active ingredient with a clear pharmaceutical active ingredient obtained via extraction and separation of traditional Chinese medicinal materials or natural plants. Some can be used as raw materials for traditional Chinese medicine preparation, and some, including penicillin, paclitaxel, and camptothecin, also can be used for chemical medicine preparations.

There are different types of plant extracts, each with its own set of benefits. Some of the most popular plant extracts include:

  •  Aloe vera extract: This extract is commonly used in skin care products because of its anti-inflammatory and healing properties.
  • Chamomile extract: Chamomile extract is known for its calming and relaxing effects. It is often used in herbal teas and cosmetics.
  • Ginger extract: Ginger extract is a popular home remedy for nausea and indigestion. It is also used in many Asian cuisines.
  • Peppermint extract: Peppermint extract has a refreshing and cooling effect on the body. It is commonly used in toothpastes, chewing gums, and candy.
  • Rosemary extract: Rosemary extract is rich in antioxidants and has antimicrobial properties. It is often used in hair care products and cosmetics.

It’s important to know how to store plant extracts properly. Here are some tips:

1.Keep them in a cool, dark place. Heat and light can degrade the quality of your extracts.
2.Store them in airtight containers. This will help to keep the extracts from drying out or becoming contaminated.
3.Label the containers with the name of the plant and the date of extraction. This will help you keep track of when the extract was made and how long it will be good for.

Following these simple tips will help ensure that your plant extracts are of the highest quality and will be ready to use when you need them.

  • Plant essential oil is a kind of aromatic oily liquid extracted from plants. There are more than 3000 kinds of plant essential oils, of which about 300 kinds have important commercial value. In addition to being used as spices, plant essential oils are also a class of natural antibacterial materials, which can inhibit bacteria, fungi and viruses. Because of its aromatic taste and antibacterial activity, plant essential oils are widely used in daily chemicals (such as perfume, cosmetics, hand cream, soap, fresh air, antiseptic), medicines, food and beverages, feed (such as oregano oil), pest control, etc. China is the world’s largest producer and exporter of raw materials of Litsea cubeba essential oil, accounting for about 70% of the international market.
  • New plant extract products and their new applications are constantly being developed. The products that have received broad attention are industrial hemp CBD, plant essential oils, rosemary, sweeteners, tannins, etc.
  • Flavonoids
    • Species: Quercetin, brassin, catechin, lignan, anthocyanin, resveratrol
    • Functions: Anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antioxidant, cancer prevention (breast cancer, ovarian cancer), lowering blood lipids and cholesterol
  • Carotenoids
    • Species: Carotene, lutein, zeaxanthin, cryptoxanthin, capsaicin, lycopene
    • Functions: Scavenging free radicals, converting into vitamin A to protect cardiovascular system, maintaining vision, inhibiting tumor growth
  • Phenolic acids
    • Species: Chlorogenic acid, ferulic acid, gallic acid, ellagic acid
    • Functions: Prevent coronary heart disease, atherosclerosis, cancer (digestive tract cancer, lung cancer, liver cancer), reduce the symptoms of diabetes
  • Organic Sulfides
    • Species: Allicin, glutathione, carotenoid, indole
    • Functions: Prevent cancer (breast cancer, prostate cancer), improve liver detoxification, prevent arteriosclerosis
  • Phytoestrogens
    • Species: Lignans, isoflavones, daidzein
    • Functions: Bi-directional regulation of estrogen, prevention of osteoporosis, reduction of breast and colon cancer risk
  • Others
    • Species: Malt sterols, chlorophyll, citrulline, citrulline, saponin, bitter glucoside, diosgenin
    • Functions: Different effects (hypoglycemia, hypolipidemia, tumor suppression and cancer prevention)
  1. https://acmeresearchlabs.in/
  2. https://www.pharmiweb.com/
  3. https://ods.od.nih.gov/